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What the Auto Industry Means to Ontario

The Industry

  • Five major automakers operate car and light truck assembly plants in Ontario: Fiat Chrysler, Ford, General Motors, Honda and Toyota. And heavy trucks are produced by Hitachi and Hino.
  • Ontario’s auto industry also comprises a highly-developed parts sector, including manufacturers’ in-house engine and transmission plants, and over 600 independent parts facilities.
  • 2,382,208 vehicles were built in Ontario in 2014 (or 6,527 per day), the most of any state or provincial jurisdiction in North America.
  • The Ontario industry produced vehicles and parts worth $73 billion in 2014, (or $201 million per day).

Jobs and the Economy

  • The auto industry directly employs 101,000 people in Ontario, 85% of the Canadian total.
  • Auto workers’ paycheques contributed $6.1 billion to the Ontario economy in 2014 (or $17 million per day).
  • Thousands more jobs are created to supply the auto industry: jobs in steel, plastics and other manufacturing and services. More jobs are created by the spending power of auto workers’ paycheques.
  • The major original equipment manufacturing operations in Ontario are estimated to stimulate 311,000 additional jobs throughout the economy.

Provincial Impact

  • Ontario’s auto industry accounted for $63 billion worth of international exports in 2014, fully one third of the province’s total.
  • Auto is by far Ontario’s most important export industry, the value of auto exports is 30% higher than those from agriculture, food manufacturing, forestry, mining and primary metals combined.
  • As a crucial source of high-technology investment and productivity growth, the industry boosts our economic performance. The benefits of the auto industry are felt throughout the province through supplier links, tax revenue and consumer spending.

Supporting Our Communities

  • The industry supports services that we all depend upon, like health care, education and social services. In 2014, Ontario auto workers paid $2.0 billion in income, payroll and sales taxes (or $5.5 million per day).
  • Most auto workers own their homes, and Ontario auto worker households also supported $411 million in municipal taxes in 2014 (or $1.1 million per day), helping to pay for local services.
  • Auto workers’ fundraising efforts also directly support community organizations such as the United Way, women’s shelters and food banks.

Vital for us All

  • Unifor supports good jobs in the auto industry, which are vital for us all.


Vehicle Production: Ward’s Automotive, Reference Center.

Engine and Transmission Production: Company sources.

Employment: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey, custom data for selected Census Metropolitan Areas; Unifor estimates for Ingersoll and Woodstock; Statistics Canada, Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours, CANSIM Table 281-0023.

Production Value: Statistics Canada, Monthly Survey of Manufacturing, CANSIM Table 304-0014.

Spin-off Employment: Hill, Kim, Debra Menk, and Adam Cooper. (2010). Contribution of the Automotive Industry to the Economies of all Fifty States and the United States. Ann Arbor: Center for Automotive Research.

Earnings: Statistics Canada, Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours, CANSIM Table 281-0026.

Exports: Statistics Canada, Industry Canada, Strategis Trade Data Online.

Income Tax: Unifor calculations, average personal income tax at selected income levels: Canadian Tax Foundation. The Finances of the Nation. Selected years.

Sales Tax: Unifor calculations: Statistics Canada, Survey of Household Spending, CANSIM Table 203-0022; Statistics Canada, Revenue, Expenditure and Budget Balance, CANSIM Table 380-0080; Fraser Institute, Canadian Tax Simulator, 2015.

Payroll Tax: Employee contributions to the Canada Pension Plan and Employment Insurance, 2014 rates.

Property Tax: The Fraser Institute, Canadian Tax Simulator, 2015.