Good jobs should address the interaction of race, gender, disability, LGBTQ, Aboriginal and immigrant status on labour market outcomes. These factors represent a persistent gap in access to employment, unemployment and under employment, as well as income.
This is especially the case during periods of recession as we saw in the Great Recession of 2008. For instance, recent studies that have compared the impact of the recession on immigrants and Canadian-born workers found that the 2008 recession widened the gap between the labour market experience of both established and recent immigrants and the Canadian-born. The divergence between recent immigrants and the Canadian-born was most dramatic with recent immigrants who experienced unemployment rates more than double those of Canadian-born workers. Women suffered a greater loss of work and income than men during the recession The recession also represented a sharp deterioration of labour market conditions for immigrants and youth. Racialized workers are over-represented among recent immigrants and among the youth entering the labour force for the first time, leading to worse labour market outcomes during the recession. In general, looking at key indicators such as unemployment rates, employment income and sectoral distribution, there are significant inequalities based on race, gender, disability, Aboriginal, LGBTQ and immigrant status.
Check out: Economic Recession and Immigrant Labour Market Outcomes in Canada, 2006-2011, by Kelly, P., S. Park, and L. Lepper
Check out: Canada’s Colour Coded Labour Market: the gap for racialized workers, by Sheila Block and Grace-Edward Galabuzi
Check out: Canadian Inequality: Recent Developments and Policy Options, by Nicole Fortin, David A. Green, Thomas Lemieux and Kevin Milligan